Piovan Summiteer May 2024
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Pilot Plant YXY Technology (Geleen). (Photo credit: Avantium)


Avantium and Origin Materials to accelerate the mass production of FDCA and PEF for advanced chemicals and plastics

3:10 min Biobased Material
Amsterdam, Netherlands

The partnership aims to bring the technology platforms of both companies together in order to produce FDCA from sustainable wood residues on an industrial scale. FDCA (furandicarboxylic acid) is the key building block for the biopolymer PEF (polyethylene furanoate) – a 100% plant-based, fully recyclable plastic material, with superior functionality and a significantly reduced carbon footprint compared to conventional plastics. PEF can be used in a wide range of applications such as bottles, packaging, films, fibers and textiles, which represent major end-markets.

This new partnership brings together Avantium’s proprietary YXY® Technology that converts plantbased sugars into FDCA, with Origin’s patented technology platform which turns carbon found in sustainable wood residues into useful building-block chemicals such as CMF (chloromethylfurfural). Bridging these two complementary technologies creates a route that can convert sustainable wood residues via CMF into FDCA. Avantium is currently constructing the world's first commercial-scale FDCA Flagship Plant in Delfzijl, the Netherlands. Avantium has signed offtake agreements for the supply of FDCA and PEF to major brand names and industry leaders for a range of applications, including Carlsberg, LVMH and AmBev. Origin Materials has recently reported that it has mechanically completed its first commercial manufacturing plant Origin 1 in Canada. This plant is anticipated to produce materials including CMF from sustainable wood residues, which can subsequently be converted into high-performance products used in packaging, textiles, apparel, automotive, and other applications. For Origin 1 and future plants, Origin has signed numerous capacity reservations and offtake agreements with well-known brand owners.

Industrial technology license agreement

The technology partnership between Avantium and Origin includes a non-exclusive industrial technology license agreement, providing Origin Materials access to relevant parts of Avantium’s process technology to enable the conversion of Origin-produced CMF derivatives into FDCA at a 100 kilotonnes per annum scale facility. Under the technology license agreement, Avantium grants Origin a non-exclusive license to use certain parts of Avantium’s proprietary YXY® process (including certain patent rights) for the purpose of (a) designing, constructing and operating the licensed facility and (b) producing, using, selling and converting FDCA manufactured at that facility. Avantium will also execute a development program under the license agreement to establish a bridge between Origin’s and Avantium’s technologies. Origin Materials expects to incorporate Avantium’s process technology into the supply chain for product from its future plants.

In support of the industrial technology license agreement, Avantium and Origin Materials have made ancillary arrangements to develop the market for FDCA and PEF applications.

Financial terms

Under the terms of the transaction, Avantium received an upfront payment of €5 million in 2022. As a result of signing the industrial technology license agreement, Origin Materials will pay Avantium a milestone fee of €7.5 million. Origin agreed to pay Avantium subsequent license fees dependent upon achievement of different development milestones. Following the commercial operations date of the licensed facility, Avantium will be eligible to receive royalties for each metric ton of FDCA produced at the licensed plant. The license fee milestone payments and overall royalty rate are in line with industry practices and with previous guidance provided by Avantium.

Offtake agreement

In support of the industrial technology license agreement, Origin Materials and Avantium have also entered into a conditional offtake agreement (“COA”), whereby Avantium will sell FDCA and PEF to Origin Materials from its FDCA pilot plant in Geleen (the Netherlands) in 2023 and from its FDCA Flagship Plant in Delfzijl (the Netherlands) as from the commercial operations date in 2024. During the term of the COA, Origin will purchase a gradually increasing minimum annual volume of FDCA on a take-or-pay basis, which has the potential to enable Origin to accelerate market adoption of FDCA and PEF. Avantium continues to pursue its dialogue on additional offtake and industrial license agreements with other industrial partners to further expand and diversify the market for FDCA and PEF applications.

"We are excited to enter into this strategic partnership with Origin Materials, a like-minded partner committed to revolutionizing the chemical and plastics industry," said Tom van Aken, Chief Executive Officer of Avantium. "The technologies of both companies are highly complementary and will also enable the use of non-edible, renewable feedstocks for the production of FDCA and PEF, meeting the expectations of brand owners and consumers worldwide. This supplements the feedstock options for our technology. We look forward to working together on our shared ambition to transition the world to large-scale sustainable materials made from non-fossil resources."

“We are excited to partner with Avantium, a leading innovator and developer of sustainable chemistry, on a project with far-reaching impact,” said John Bissell, Origin Co-Founder and Co-Chief Executive Officer. “Together we aim to bring the value of FDCA and one of its main applications, PEF, to the industry at large and to drive decarbonization throughout the supply chain. By combining Origin’s revolutionary platform, which can produce key FDCA precursors like CMF from sustainable wood residues, with Avantium’s YXY® process technology, we aim to transform the polymers and materials industry. This partnership accelerates our efforts to bring economical non-food based FDCA and PEF to market.”

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