Project Management meets Packaging - Part II: Resource Management
Using project management principles to deal with current topics in the plastic packaging industry. Who needs resource management? We all know that in order to mould bottles, fabricate a capping machine or developing a new platform, an input of certain materials, people and equipment is required. So what exactly is resource management and why do we need to take care of our resources?
The definition of a resource according to the Project Management Body of Knowledge is “Skilled human resource (specific disciplines either individually or in crews or teams), equipment, services, supplies, commodities, material, budgets, or funds“ (p. 446 PMBOK® Guide Fourth Edition, PMI, 2008). Generally speaking, resources are everything which is necessary to generate our projects, products or services. And most importantly, resources are restricted regarding their number, size and availability. They are not available to us in an unlimited amount, therefore we need to use them mindfully. Regardless if human resources, water, energy or PET material are needed as components for your product, it is important that these resources are managed accordingly.
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN THIS INSTANCE MEANS:
- to ensure that resources are available during the time that they are required, e.g. the labour input and the equipment for building a new bottle cleansing area.
- to maintain the expected revenue vs. expense ratio, therefore making certain that the utilized resources are not too costly.
- to use all resources sustainably, so that even after the project is completed and e.g. the new sports cap has successfully been launched, the items required for the manufacturing process are still existent to a certain extent and not diminished to an unhealthy level.
- to deploy the right resources at the right time during the project.
The detail and the depth into which resource management should be performed though is subject to an ongoing dispute in the discipline of project management. Some say that it is sufficient to have a rough idea for example of how many labour days, tons of colouring agent or litres of water are available in total for the overall project. Others argue that it is crucial to have a detailed plan of how man-hours are needed on a daily basis, how many grams of pellets are being used each week and that the energy consumption of the packaging system is tracked monthly. Fortunately, there is no right or wrong level of performing resource management. Each company, each department and even each project and product must find its own appropriate degree of how much is feasible to plan and track in relation to resources.
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